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Open Access Protocol

Depression screening and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents: a systematic review protocol

Brett D Thombs123456*, Michelle Roseman6 and Lorie A Kloda7

Author Affiliations

1 Jewish General Hospital, Institute for Community and Family Psychiatry, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Road, Montréal, QC, H3T 1E4, Canada

2 Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

3 Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

4 Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

5 School of Nursing, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

6 Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, QC, Canada

7 Library, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

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Systematic Reviews 2012, 1:58  doi:10.1186/2046-4053-1-58

Published: 24 November 2012

Abstract

Background

Depression is an important cause of disability among children and adolescents. Depression screening is one possible method for managing depression, and screening programs have been initiated in some school and medical settings. However, in 2005, the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care and the United Kingdom National Institute of Clinical Excellence did not recommend depression screening among children and adolescents. By contrast, in 2009, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended that all adolescents, but not younger children, be screened for depression in medical settings with integrated depression management services, although no trials of screening were identified. The objectives of this systematic review are to evaluate in children and adolescents the accuracy of depression screening tools; depression treatment efficacy; whether depression screening improves depression outcomes; and potential harms related to depression interventions and screening.

Methods/design

Data sources will include the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, LILACS and Web of Science, supplemented by reference harvesting of eligible articles, relevant systematic reviews, relevant guidelines and recommendations, and selected journals, and by searches for unpublished studies. Eligible studies will report data for children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years. Eligible diagnostic accuracy studies must compare a depression screening tool to a validated diagnostic interview for major depressive disorder and report diagnostic accuracy data. Eligible treatment studies must be randomized controlled trials of pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, or other depression treatments commonly available for children and adolescents in pediatric, primary-care, and family medicine settings. Eligible screening studies must be randomized controlled trials that compare depression outcomes between children or adolescents who underwent depression screening versus those who did not. Studies of harms will include randomized controlled trials and observational studies that evaluate harms from depression screening or treatment. Two investigators will independently review titles and abstracts, followed by full article review. Disagreements will be resolved by consensus. Two investigators will independently extract the data, with discrepancies resolved via consensus.

Discussion

The proposed systematic review will determine whether there is sufficient evidence of benefits in excess of harms and costs to support screening for depression in childhood and adolescence.

Keywords:
Adolescents; Children; Depression; Screening